URBAN SPACE OF UKRAINIAN NOVEL OF THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY: THE SYMBOLISM OF THE DEPICTION
The aim of the paper is to show and analyse the peculiarities of art representation of urban space in Ukrainian novels of the second half of the XIX century. The novelty of such aspect of investigation is in the object of analysis – a considerable part of the novels of the named period, – which enables to make more profound generalization of the techniques of depicting the town and its components, of the functions of the relevant loci. The main attention in the article was paid to the so-called eccentric cities, whose energy has mostly negative influence on the inhabitants, as they (cities) are situated at the edge of the creative space or in the zone of boundaries with a destructive space. A separate aspect of the study is the symbolism of the urban space created by the Ukrainian authors (mostly compared to polises), on the whole, and concerning its separate components, such as streets, crossroads, dead ends, cemeteries and houses. The article also considers the symbolism of colour and sound – background elements, – and the techniques of representing urban space (gradation, oxymoron). The result of the research is the conclusion about the way in which anthropocentrism, the main tendency of literary process of the second half of the XIX century, influences urban space picturing. That is intensifying of the emotional, psychological components, material word’s «humanisation». The sphere of appliance of the results is further studies of this and other aspects connected with the second reality simulation in a widened comparative plane, using the techniques of archetype and semiotic analysis.
Key words: Ukrainian novel of the second half of the XIX century, urban space, eccentric city, symbol, poetics.
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