POPULAR IDEAS ABOUT THE LAND IN A.I. SOLZHENITSYN’S WORKS

Н. Н. Ступницкая, N. N. Stupnitskaya

Abstract


Peculiarity of the image of the land in A.I. Solzhenitsyn’s works is shown in the article. We found that due to the specific historical and cultural development of the country in the minds of our people there is a duality in the perception of the earth: people’s ideas about the earth are side by side with scientific knowledge. The article is devoted to consideration of the land by people. Global and political aspects are shown by implication.  Different  opinions  and  attitudes  to  land are expressed in the pages of Solzhenitsyn’s works showing their polyphonic structure and the importance of this aspect for the writer. Dualism of people and scientific attitude to the land is the most evident in our opinion, in the image    of Zakhar Tomchak, the character of the epic “Red Wheel”. Zakhar Tomchak’s estate combines the latest achievements of science and technology and respect for the land, the understanding of the “spirit of the earth”. The results of the revolutionary turn, careless and unwise economic activities are described in   the novel of A.I. Solzhenitsyn “The First Circle” and analyzed in the article through the prism of perception of Volodin. It is concluded that “the land” is the leitmotif image in the works of A.I. Solzhenitsyn and occurs almost in each of his works. It is typical that characters with the world view similar to the author have considerate and reasonable attitude to the land and have deep feeling about the results of unskillful and callous attitude to it.

Key words: image of the land, way of understanding, popular view, duality, epic, polyphonic structure, leitmotif image.


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