EXISTENTIAL-ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE DETERMINATION OF THE FEAR`S ESSENCE

В. В. Мельник, W. W. Melnik

Abstract


The article describes the fear in the human consciosness as natural and constructive psychological phenomenon indicating an objectless world. The author makes a conclusion as for emperical isolation of the fear determination in the applied psychology and its narrow phenomenological interpretation as well. It is analyzed the fear as the integral phenomenon. The author emphasizes that the fear is objectivized in the culture and is undergone to the mechanism of minimization. Great attention is paid to the fear provocation of the depression interpreted as adaptive form of behaviour what in its turn allows a weak person to save power and prevent possible conflicts. Thus fear as the modus is considered to be the way of understanding its origin indicating not its substantial meaning but its peculiar «Ontological intensivity».

Keywords: fear, freedom, nothing, existing, consciosness, aggression, existence, ontology, myth, anthropology, macrocosm.


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