DIALOGUE IN THE LITERARY TEXT

Ж. А. Юрьева, Z. A. Yuryeva

Abstract


Types of dialogue are considered and using of dialogue in a literary text is analyzed. According to the types of communication systems the following types of dialogue are: dialogueconversation, dialogue-talk, dialogue-debate. By the nature of the interaction of participants in the dialogue three types of dialogical speech are: dialogue-equality, dialogue-relationship, dialoguecooperation.
According to the intentions of the speaker, subtypes of dialogue-conversation are distinguished: informative dialogue-conversation; prescriptive dialogue-conversation (belief in anything, requests); talks aimed at clarifying the interpersonal relationships (conflicts, quarrels, accusations, charges). In journalism two kinds of dialogues are: information and plot. Dialogues
reach the highest level in a realistic prose. The realistic nature of human is a complex personality, a person with his identity. The relationship is not neutral with other persons. Plot twists and turns often put it in conflict with other individuals. A new type of it is formed dialogue- dispute, a clash of ideas.
The natures, beliefs, goals, aspirations of characters are disclosed in such dialogue. Dialogue begins to express the main ideological meaning of the work. Creating dialogues in fiction, the writer selects those linguistic means that will help him in the first place reveal the image of the hero. Dialogues in
an artistic work is not designed to serve the pragmatic purpose, they reflect life situations and are used to create an image. In a work of art the following types are: dialogue-debate which simulates a real debate where the pragmatic purpose is achieved; a dialogue in which one of the parties is active;
dialogue which does not end with the resolution of the conflict; a dialogue that creates the illusion of an imaginary achievement of the purpose.
Keywords: dialogue, artistic text, talk, debate, monologue, modality, argumentation, language means for conflict, personality.


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